IELTS academic writing part: Comparing Pictures & Map-description

IELTS academic writing part can also have comparing pictures/diagrams and map-description questions besides tables, graphs, charts and process type questions. Are you worried about preparing these types of questions? Relax and take it easy! I am here to guide you and present you with the perfect techniques to attempt the comparing pictures and map-description questions of IELTS academic writing part.

Comparison of pictures (tables/charts/graphs)

This type of questions wants you to compare and relate given more than one data diagram.

Structure

Introduction

A one line sentence which paraphrases the question statement. Usually, the question statement is of two sentences. While paraphrasing for introduction combine the sentences into one by using ‘while’ or ‘and’.

Overview

In the first sentence of the 2nd paragraph, give an overview of the 2 main features of the first diagram. In the next sentence, write the overview of 2 main features of the second picture. If any comparison between the two data representations exist, you can give an overview about it in the third sentence.

1st details paragraph

In the third paragraph, first give the details of the first feature of picture 1 and then describe the next feature of picture 1 in detail.

2nd details paragraph

In the last paragraph of the answer, first elaborate the first feature of picture 2 and then discuss the second feature of picture 2. At last, if any comparisons exist between the two given diagrams then give their details.

Points to remember

  • Don’t start writing too much after seeing that a lot of information is available in two pictures. Remember you have only 20 minutes to attempt the questions in part 1.
  • Select only 2 main features from each picture.
  • Don’t write about both pictures/diagrams in the same paragraph. Follow my suggested structure strictly.
  • Compare the two pictures only if any comparison exists. No need to forcefully compare the data pictures.

Describing Maps

Map type questions aren’t common in academic writing part 1 but are very easy to attempt.

Structure

Introduction

Paraphrase the question statement into a single sentence using synonyms.

Overview

Start with writing two general statements about the map. After that generally describe the maps and write about the differences you see between the two.

1st details paragraph

Write about the changes that have occurred in maps in three to four sentences.

2nd details paragraph

Continue elaborating the specific changes happened and write three to four sentences.

Points to remember

  • The information in the 1st and 2nd details paragraph can be grouped together by location and time if necessary.
  • Your vocabulary and grammar play an important role in determining your ability to describe the specific changes.
  • Describe general changes in overview and specific changes in details paragraph.
  • Use ‘east’, ‘west’, ‘north’ and ‘south’ to locate the changes in maps while you’re describing.